John Rowe’s Diary Entry April 23, 1769 On this day in 1769, John Rowe reported on the demise of James Otis. James was the vocal precursor to Sam Adams. Rowe's diary entry is highlighted below.
"April 22. — This afternoon Mr. Otis behaved very madly, firing guns out of his window, that caused a large number of people to assemble about him."
James was one of the first to shout-out against taxation. He coined the phrase, “taxation without representation is tyranny.” This quote can be found on his tombstone in the Old Granary Burial Ground.
James was a well-respected lawyer and one of the first to challenge the Townshend Acts of 1767. His nemesis was Thomas Hutchinson the Lt. Governor and head of the Superior court system in Boston. Often, they wrestled for control of the Massachusetts legislature, each abruptly boycotting or closing the legislative session. Each event having something to do with proper representation.
Neither Hutchinson nor Otis would admit to personal jealousy, but the possibility existed. Thomas obtained his position as Chief Justice of the Superior Court appointment over Otis’ father, one of the several likely candidates. Hutchinson was an unusual pick as he was not a lawyer but a historian.[i] James was very vocal in his opposition to anything the government might do in the future. Of this, he was certainly clear, yet he took his anger one giant step further. Irrationally, one day, he engaged in a brawl with the customs officials at the English Coffee House. This was an unfortunate choice of venue as it was frequented by British officers along with customs officials and paid informants.
The brawl did not go well. Otis emerged with a large cut on his head, and probably the trauma accelerated his mental disorder. The two events above gave a clear signal to the Sons of Liberty, the legislature and to Sam Adams that James Otis was deteriorating mentally. By November, James was relegated to his son's farm in Andover Massachusetts. His physical and mental health seemed to stabilize over a few years. Unfortunately, while standing in the doorway of his son’s house, lightning struck the home and ran down the door frame while he was leaning against it. He did not survive. Historical references are suggesting this was the second time Otis was struck by lightning.
Politically, Otis led the fight for representation in the decade of 1760. Unintentionally, his demise brought on his successor, Samuel Adams, and issues of representation were escalated to a demand for independence.
[i] Zobel, Hiller B. The Boston massacre. New York: W.W. Norton, 1970. Print. P.9, 147-149.
8/13/2018 Great Work! So glad to see other walking guides whose research and use of primary sources is so thorough. DLa xxx (a.k.a. Mistress xxxxxxxxx de la xxx) #ocbground
Date: Fri, jun 22, 2018, 3:57 pm subject: re: walk boston history Tour to: n>
The tour of the freedom trail with the emphasis on Paul Revere was very informative. We started at the state house and learned about its architecture. We continued through Boston Commons and past the burial grounds. We then continued to the north end and Paul Revere’s house. At each stop Mitch had many interesting and little known facts to tell us. We were surprised by the number of occupations Paul Revere had. During our walk through the north end Mitch pointed out various restaurants to eat in. The tour was about 2 miles of walking and lasted about 1 hour 45 minutes and was most enjoyable. We would definitely take another tour with Mitch in the future. Betsy, florida
9/5/2017 Hi Sheila,
I just wanted to tell you and Mitch how very much I enjoyed today. Mitch is passion for history comes through loud and clear in his delivery.
I learned new facts about Paul Revere that I had never known before.
Mitch was so well-prepared including all of the pictures and it was obvious that heput a lot of time and effort into this tour and the presentation.
So thank you so much for the invitation He did a great job! leslie b, Natick
10/18/2017Hi Mitch, finally getting to say thank you for such an enjoyable day and tour of Paul Revere etc.. I truly learned so much and loved walking through so much of historic Boston! PHYLIS, nh
9/5/2017 Hi Beth, Thanks for asking us to go on your tour, Mitch, of Boston’s historic sites. Your enthusiasm and love of history is contagious. You made history come alive. Sorry I had to leave early. I bet the tour of the North End was equally exciting! You put your all into it. sarah r. Wellesley
6/15/2017 email@example.com Comment 6/1/2017, Your remarks about John Hancock really painted a historical image of the man. 6/1/2016 Hi Mitch, resume services reviews has just posted a comment on your blog post, Why Did Paul Revere Become a Coroner at the Age of Sixty-two? : This is a very interesting piece of historical information. I was never aware of this information before. I didn't even know how relevant Paul Revere is in the history of Boston. It seems that he is a very important figure on Boston's foundation. I'm definitely going to dwell further into matter and research more about him.Comment actions:
Irishman1987 I was there that day with members of Jerusalem lodge #104 Keene NH, I am so glad I had the chance to attend this event and pay my respects.
6/3/2017 GS, SNHU,edu, Mitch your remarks about John Hancock really painted an historical image of the man.
10/15/2016 Thank you so much for the Boston Massacre Tour. I never knew it was such a complicated affair. I particularly liked the incidental historical stops about Colonial Boston. I hadn't been downtown for years. You opened up so much for me. June, Natick Ma.
An association of tour guidES for educators, amateur historians, and the general public looking to walk beyond the Freedom Trail, concentrating on the legal, philosophical, emotional and political events of Boston.